Correlative Study Between Students’ Achievement in English Debate and Their Argumentative Essay Achievement


Correlative Study Between Students’ Achievement in English Debate and Their Argumentative Essay Achievement
CHAPTER I 
INTRODUCTION
This chapter adequately presents a discussion related to background of the study,  research  problems,  purpose  of  the  study,  significance  of  the  study,  scope and  limitation  of  the  study,  definition  of  the  key  terms,  and  organization of  the study.
A. Background of Study
For  second  language  learner,  it  is  undoubtedly  believed  that  to master the four language skill like a native is such a great challenge to do. Richards  (2002:303) states that writing, one of the skill, seems to become the most  difficult  skill  to  master  for  L2  learner.  He  also  argues  that  the difficulty  lies  not  only  in  generating  and  organizing  idea  but  also  in translating those idea in  a readable text. Hussein and Mohammad in their journal,  entitled Negative  L1  Impact  on L2  Writing, proposes  other difficulties  that  L2  needs  to  deal  with  are  identifying  the  linguistic structures  and  using  the  appropriate  vocabularies.  Rob  Schoonen et  al from University of Amsterdam states that:
“.  .  .Writing  in  one’s  mother  tongue  is  a  demanding  task, which calls upon several language abilities, as well as upon more  general  (mete)cogntive  abilities.  These  constituent abilities  are  in  a  constant  interplay.  Writing  in  a  second language  (L2)    is  even  more  demanding  because  several  of these constituent abilities may be less well developed than in one’s first language (L1) . . .”
In our everyday life, we’ve been seemingly headed to any problems that  call  for  our  argument.  Related  to  schoolars’  activity,  they  must  work?????

The Use of Guessing Game to Improve the Fourth Grade Students’ Vocabulary Ability of SDN


The Use of Guessing Game to Improve the Fourth Grade Students’ Vocabulary Ability of SDN
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
In this chapter the researcher present background of the study, formulation of  the  researchproblem,  objective  of the study,  significance  of  the  study,  and definition of the key terms, organization of study.
A. Background of the Study
Language is one of the important tools to communicate with others. People can  communicate  each  other  and  express  their  ideas  and  emotions. Language  is verbal behavior that usually people use to communicate with other people around them. In addition, it is one of the tools to do some interactions and give response to  someone  (Harmer,  2007:21).  In  other  words, language  as  social  institution,  as verbal  practice,  as  reflexive  practice,  as  medium  of  classroom,  communication, and  also  as  school  subject.  Languages  which  are  often  used  as  a  means  of communication are English. It becomes the dominant language around the world, and now more and more people use English as an interactional language.
In  the  Indonesian language,  it is  not  regarded  as  a  second  language  but English is a foreign language. English is also referred to as the target language, it should  be  taught  in  schools  to  teach  the  Indonesian  curriculum  now.  Therefore, students are expected to improve their abilities in English.
The  importance  of the  English, is making educational  institutions begin  to introduce the  English  language from the  earliest level that  is  in  elementary school,?????

The Effectiveness of Using Hot Potatoes Quiz towards Students’ Grammar Achievement in Simple Present Tense


The Effectiveness of Using Hot Potatoes Quiz towards Students’ Grammar Achievement in Simple Present Tense
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
In this chapter, the researcher serves seven topics related to the research. The topics  cover  background  of  the  research,  research  problems,  objectives  of  the research, research hypothesis, significance of the research, scope and limitation of the research, definition of key terms, and thesis organization.
A.  Background of the Research
Success in learning English can be seen from the mastering of the four skills which are important for  communication both orally and in a written  form. These language  skills  include  listening  and  reading  (receptive  skills)  and  speaking  and writing (productive skills). To be success in mastering those skills, there are three components  that  are  actually  as  the  requirements  include  grammar,  vocabulary, and  pronunciation.  From  those  components,  grammar  is  considered  the  most important  as  it  serves  as  the  foundation  for  more  advanced  language  learning (Cahyono and Widiati, 2011: 87).
Grammar  is  the  structural  foundation  of  our  ability  to  express  ideas  and feelings. It is a set of rules governing how the words in a language may be joined to  make  sense.  Teaching  grammar  basically  purposes  to  build  students’????????????

CORRELATION BETWEEN STUDENTS ATTITUDE AND THEIR ACHIEVEMENT IN ENGLISH OF SECOND GRADE AT SMA


CORRELATION BETWEEN STUDENTS ATTITUDE AND THEIR ACHIEVEMENT IN ENGLISH OF SECOND GRADE AT SMA
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
This chapter presents the background to thesis study followed by research question. Next, objective of research, research hypothesis, and the significant of the study are stated and scope and limitation to the study are presented along with the definition of the term.
A.    Background of Study
Education is integral in the construction in process. The process ofeducation cannot be separated from the development process itself. Development is directed to develop quality human resources. One aspect that can increase the human quality can be viewed in terms of education. In the national formulation (UUR.I. No. 2 of 1989, Chapter I, Article 1), the term education is described as a conscious effort to prepare students through counseling, teaching, and or training for the role in the future.
Conscious effort is intended, that education held by the steady plan, clear, complete, thorough, objective-based rational thought. Education is not held to be incidental or accidental and arbitrarily, or based on dreams and fantasies.
Most people understand the significance of education as instruction????