A STUDY ON STUDENTS STRATEGIES IN OVERCOMING SPEAKING PROBLEM IN CONVERSATION


A STUDY ON STUDENTS STRATEGIES IN OVERCOMING SPEAKING PROBLEM IN CONVERSATION
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A.  Background of Study
Bloomfield in Kurniasari states that English is used widely all over the world. It is used for business, diplomacy, science, culture, and education. So   Mastering spoken English is very important. Besides we have entered globalization information and free market era. Information from abroad comes rapidly and freely. Most of them use English as a spoken language, although they do not come from England, America or Australia. Hence, if we want to communicate with them we have to be able to use English, at least orally. It is not enough to master English structurally.  
Nowadays, English is already taught as local content subject at elementary school in Indonesia. In addition, English has been taught in junior high school to university as compulsory subject. This fact proves that English is important to be learnt by all students. In studying English students develop all skills, there are 4 basic skill competence that student should master; they are writing, listening, reading and speaking, every skill has its own goal to be reached as the requirement of English mastery.
The goal of writing skill is to make students have an ability to make good essay that is semantically and grammatically correct. Listening skill requires the students to comprehend the material through listening to direct conversation or all multimedia???????

IMPROVING LISTENING SKILL THROUGH STORYTELLING


IMPROVING LISTENING SKILL THROUGH STORYTELLING
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A.  Background of The Study 
Listening  is  a  creative  skill  (Rivers,  1981:160).  In  order  to comprehend the sounds falling on our ears, we take the raw material of words, arrangement  of  words,  and  the  rise  and  fall  of  the  voice,  and  from  this material  we  create  significant.  But  many  teachers  have  assumption  that  it  is not important to plan the lessons. In fact, shows the damages. Listening theory is  not  mastered  by  students  in  turn  it  is  difficult  for them  to  formulate  about what and how they must master listening. Teaching English in MTs especially in  secondary  school  is  intended  to  develop  student  communicative competence. 
The  students  should  learn  how to  use the  language  in  communication only  after  they  have  learned  to  master  its  structure  in  drills  and  other mechanical  exercises.  The  students  should  be  given  the  occasion  to  use their skills even before they have completely mastered them. They should focus on the  purpose,  not  on  the  form  or  their  expression.  Through  interactions, students can improve their language as they listen or read authentic linguistic, material or even the output of the other students  in discussions  and skill  join problems  solving task. The students can use all those abuses of the  language in real life exchange, which express their real life meaning.

IMPROVING THE GRADE VIII STUDENTS’ WRITING SKILL OF NARRATIVE TEXT THROUGH DICTOGLOSS


IMPROVING THE GRADE VIII STUDENTS’ WRITING SKILL OF NARRATIVE TEXT THROUGH DICTOGLOSS
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A.  Background of the Problem
English  is  an  international  language  which  is  widely  used  in  many countries around the world. It is very important for students to master English in all skills. The skills are Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing. Those skills are related to each other. In this case, the researcher is going to focus on writing skill. Writing is a language skill that is very important. The  first  significance  of  writing  is  that  writing  is  the  top  level  of  a language. It is the last macro skill that has to be mastered by people who want to be  able  to  communicate  perfectly. 
The  second  significance  is  that  writing  is a productive  skill.  It  involves  producing  language  rather  than  receiving  it.  In writing, people will produce written language. The third significance of writing is that writing is the most complex macro skill in language mastery. In writing, people apply everything that they have got in the three stages before. The fourth or the last significance of writing is that writing is the stage of language mastery where  people  can  generate  ideas.  In  writing,  people  should  construct  the  idea perfectly to make it so understandable that other people can catch the meaning or the purpose of the message (idea) in writing.
Students  in  junior  high  school  should  be  able  to  write  or  produce narrative text. It is not something attractive and fun for them to write narrative text  although  narrative  text  have  purpose  to  entertain  the  reader.  They  know many stories related to narrative text but when they have to produce their own?????????

IMPROVING THE STUDENTS’ LISTENING SKILLS OF THE STUDENTS THROUGH SCAFFOLDING PRINCIPLES


IMPROVING THE STUDENTS’ LISTENING SKILLS OF THE STUDENTS THROUGH SCAFFOLDING PRINCIPLES
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A.  Background of the Study
As an international language, English has an important role as a means of communication in transfering and gaining knowledge,  information, science, technology, art and culture  and maintaining international relationship.  Because of its importance, English is included as a subject in the school. In the teaching and learning process of English in the Junior High School, there are four macro skills which are  taught to the students, namely:  speaking, listening, writing, and reading. Those are the basic skills which are taught to and learnt by students.
Listening is  one of receptive skills which has a very important role in learning English because listening is the language of modality which is mostly used in every conversation or activity. In the teaching and learning process, before students are able to respond to the teacher, they should listen first in order to get the information and the concept. Beside that, listening is also the key in understanding the concept, knowledge, or information which are spoken by speakers.
According to the School-Based Curriculum (SBC), listening is the language skill that should be mastered by students.  In the Standard of Competence and Basic Competence of the Junior  High School,  the students are expected to have good ability in comprehending and responding to the spoken language such as in transactional or  interpersonal conversation.  In this case, listening is  an  important????

IMPROVING STUDENTS’ WRITING ABILITY THROUGH CLUSTERING TECHNIQUE


IMPROVING STUDENTS’ WRITING ABILITY THROUGH CLUSTERING TECHNIQUE
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
A.  Background of the Study
Language  is  an  important  tool  to  communicate.  To  communicate means  to  understand,  to  express  many  ideas,  and  also  to  develop  culture between speakers and listeners or writers and readers. Language is more than just  communication  tool;  it  is  the  primary  method  by  which  we  do  things together  by  share  meaning  of  common  ground.  People  need  to  communicate in doing daily activities and making an interaction to other people in their life. One of the popular languages used is English.
English  is  an  international  language  that  is  used  to  communicate among  people  all  over  the  world.  English  is  so  widely  spoken;  it  has  often referred to as a world language, the lingua franca of modern era, and while is not  an  official  language  in  most  countries,  it  is  currently  the  language  most often taught as a foreign language.
Studying  English  as  a  foreign  language  is  gradually  getting  more important.  In  Indonesia  government,  English  is  considered  as  a  first  foreign language  and  compulsory  subject  to  be  taught  in  secondary  schools. Based on  the  decision  above,  it  considers  as  optional  subject  or??????