STUDY ON STUDENTS STRATEGIES IN OVERCOMING SPEAKING PROBLEM IN CONVERSATION
A.Background of Study
in Kurniasari states that English is used widely all over the world. It is used
for business, diplomacy, science, culture, and education. SoMastering spoken English is very important.
Besides we have entered globalization information and free market era.
Information from abroad comes rapidly and freely. Most of them use English as a
spoken language, although they do not come from England, America or Australia.
Hence, if we want to communicate with them we have to be able to use English,
at least orally. It is not enough to master English structurally.
English is already taught as local content subject at elementary school in
Indonesia. In addition, English has been taught in junior high school to
university as compulsory subject. This fact proves that English is important to
be learnt by all students. In studying English students develop all skills,
there are 4 basic skill competence that student should master; they are
writing, listening, reading and speaking, every skill has its own goal to be
reached as the requirement of English mastery.
goal of writing skill is to make students have an ability to make good essay that
is semantically and grammatically correct. Listening skill requires the
students to comprehend the material through listening to direct conversation or
Listeningisacreativeskill(Rivers,1981:160).Inorderto comprehend the sounds
falling on our ears, we take the raw material of words, arrangementofwords,andtheriseandfallofthevoice,andfromthis materialwecreatesignificant.Butmanyteachershaveassumptionthatitis not important to plan the
lessons. In fact, shows the damages. Listening theory isnotmasteredbystudentsinturnitisdifficultfor themtoformulateabout what and how they must master
listening. Teaching English in MTs especially insecondaryschoolisintendedtodevelopstudentcommunicative competence.
Thestudentsshouldlearnhow touse thelanguageincommunication onlyaftertheyhavelearnedtomasteritsstructureindrillsandother mechanicalexercises.Thestudentsshouldbegiventheoccasiontouse their skills even before
they have completely mastered them. They should focus on thepurpose,notontheformortheirexpression.Throughinteractions, students can improve their
language as they listen or read authentic linguistic, material or even the
output of the other studentsin
discussionsand skilljoin problemssolving task. The students can use all those abuses of thelanguage in real life exchange, which express
their real life meaning.
THE GRADE VIII STUDENTS’ WRITING SKILL OF NARRATIVE TEXT THROUGH DICTOGLOSS
A.Background of the Problem
Englishisaninternationallanguagewhichiswidelyusedinmany countries around the world. It is very
important for students to master English in all skills. The skills are
Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing. Those skills are related to each
other. In this case, the researcher is going to focus on writing skill. Writing
is a language skill that is very important. Thefirstsignificanceofwritingisthatwritingisthetoplevelofa language.
It is the last macro skill that has to be mastered by people who want to beabletocommunicateperfectly.
Thesecondsignificanceisthatwritingis a productiveskill.Itinvolvesproducinglanguageratherthanreceivingit.In writing, people will produce written
language. The third significance of writing is that writing is the most complex
macro skill in language mastery. In writing, people apply everything that they
have got in the three stages before. The fourth or the last significance of
writing is that writing is the stage of language mastery wherepeoplecangenerateideas.Inwriting,peopleshouldconstructtheidea perfectly to make it so understandable that other people can catch
the meaning or the purpose of the message (idea) in writing.
Studentsinjuniorhighschoolshouldbeabletowriteorproduce narrative text. It is not something attractive and fun for them
to write narrative textalthoughnarrativetexthavepurposetoentertainthereader.Theyknow many stories related to narrative text
but when they have to produce their own?????????
THE STUDENTS’ LISTENING SKILLS OF THE STUDENTS THROUGH SCAFFOLDING PRINCIPLES
A.Background of the Study
an international language, English has an important role as a means of
communication in transfering and gaining knowledge,information, science, technology, art and
cultureand maintaining international
relationship.Because of its importance,
English is included as a subject in the school. In the teaching and learning
process of English in the Junior High School, there are four macro skills which
aretaught to the students, namely:speaking, listening, writing, and reading.
Those are the basic skills which are taught to and learnt by students.
isone of receptive skills which has a
very important role in learning English because listening is the language of
modality which is mostly used in every conversation or activity. In the
teaching and learning process, before students are able to respond to the
teacher, they should listen first in order to get the information and the
concept. Beside that, listening is also the key in understanding the concept,
knowledge, or information which are spoken by speakers.
to the School-Based Curriculum (SBC), listening is the language skill that
should be mastered by students.In the
Standard of Competence and Basic Competence of the JuniorHigh School,the students are expected to have good ability in comprehending and
responding to the spoken language such as in transactional orinterpersonal conversation.In this case, listening isanimportant????
STUDENTS’ WRITING ABILITY THROUGH CLUSTERING TECHNIQUE
A.Background of the Study
Languageisanimportanttooltocommunicate.Tocommunicate meanstounderstand,toexpressmanyideas,andalsotodevelopculture between speakers and listeners or
writers and readers. Language is more than justcommunicationtool;itistheprimarymethodbywhichwedothings togetherbysharemeaningofcommonground.Peopleneedtocommunicate in doing daily activities and
making an interaction to other people in their life. One of the popular
languages used is English.
Englishisaninternationallanguagethatisusedtocommunicate amongpeopleallovertheworld.Englishissowidelyspoken;ithasoften referred to as a world language, the
lingua franca of modern era, and while is notanofficiallanguageinmostcountries,itiscurrentlythelanguagemost often taught as a foreign language.
StudyingEnglishasaforeignlanguageisgraduallygettingmore important.InIndonesiagovernment,Englishisconsideredasafirstforeign languageandcompulsorysubjecttobetaughtinsecondaryschools. Based onthedecisionabove,itconsidersasoptionalsubjector??????