Wednesday, 5 August 2015

SONGS TO IMPROVE THE STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN PRONOUNCING ENGLISH WORDS (An Action Research)



SONGS TO IMPROVE THE STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN PRONOUNCING ENGLISH WORDS
(An Action Research)

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
 
1.1 Background of the Study
Language is a very important means of communication in daily human life. Human being uses language both in written and spoken forms to express their  idea. As stated by Ramelan (1992: 10), language is an arbitrary system of speech  sounds which is used in interpersonal communication by an

Monday, 3 August 2015

Error Analysis of Mechanics of Writing Made by the Students of Fourth Semester



Error Analysis of Mechanics of Writing Made by the Students of Fourth Semester
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
This chapter is introduction that includes background of the research, the formulation of research problem, the objectives of the research, significance of the research, scope and limitation of the research, definition of key terms, and organization of the research.
A.       Background of the Research
English language is important for students to learn currently, because it is the language of world which used as a standard of international communication. As argued by Brown (2000:118) “English is

Saturday, 1 August 2015

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION ACHIEVEMENT BETWEEN STUDENTS WHO ARE TAUGHT THROUGH NUMBERED HEADS TOGETHER TECHNIQUE AND THOSE THROUGH PREDICTIVE READING TECHNIQUE



A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION ACHIEVEMENT BETWEEN STUDENTS WHO ARE TAUGHT THROUGH NUMBERED HEADS TOGETHER TECHNIQUE AND THOSE THROUGH PREDICTIVE READING TECHNIQUE
I.  INTRODUCTION
Reading  is  one  of  the  important  skills  that  are  needed  by  the  students  in  getting information  based  on  what  they  have  already  read.  It  is  a  complex  interaction between the text and the reader which is shaped by the reader’s prior knowledge, experiences,  and  language  community  which  is  culturally  and  socially  situated. Grellet (1981: 8) mentioned that reading as the process of understanding a written text, means extracting the required information from it as

Thursday, 30 July 2015

Morphological Pattern of Adjective Words used in Descriptive Essay Writen by Thrid Semester Students of English Education Department



Morphological Pattern of Adjective Words used in Descriptive Essay Writen by Thrid Semester Students of English Education Department
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
This  chapter  discusses  some  points  including  background  of  the  Study, search  problems,  purpose  of  the  study,  significance  of  the  study,  scopes  and limitation of the study, and definition of the key term.
A.  Background of the Study
Language  is  very  significant  thing  in  human  life.  A  language  is  an arbitrary  system  of  articulation  sounds  made  used  by  a  group  of  humans  a means of carrying on the affairs of their

Tuesday, 28 July 2015

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF STUDENTS READING COMPREHENSION ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS THAUGHT THROUGH RETELLING STORY AND TRANSLATION



A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF STUDENTS READING COMPREHENSION ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS THAUGHT THROUGH RETELLING STORY AND TRANSLATION
INTRODUCTION
Reading,  as  one  of  the  basic  skills  of  language,  reading  dominates  the  teaching materials in almost English textbooks where there are some types of reading text that  should  be  mastered  by  the  students  of  Senior  High  School.    SMA/MA students should be able to use the language in informational level that is expected to access knowledge by  the language skills.  This objective is basically the same as  comprehension  of  reading  texts  where  the  students  are  faced  with  the  text written  in  English  then  they  are  hoped  to  read  it  in  order  to  gather  information from  it.    In  this  case,  students  use  skill  of  reading  in  order  to  understand  the written text.  In other words, they access knowledge by reading skill.
To  get  the  knowledge  from  the  text,  it  is  important  for  students  to  have  a  good reading  comprehension.    Without  comprehension,  reading  would  be  empty  and meaningless.  Comprehension is not only intended to know what the letters stand for, but also involved power of fully understanding.  Reading involves more than words recognition; that without comprehension, no reading takes place.  It means that comprehension determines the essence of the reading process.  
Reading  comprehension  requires  motivation,  mental  frameworks  for  holding  the ideas, concentration and good study techniques.  There are many ways to be good at  reading  such  as  the  readers  should  know  the  purpose  in  reading,  they  also should  have  awareness  of  type  of  the  material  they  are  reading,  and  kinds  of learning  strategies  can  also  be  used  in  reading  that  can  help  them  in comprehending the reading text?????????????????.


Sunday, 26 July 2015

Grammatical Error Analisis in Speaking of the Second Semester English Students



Grammatical Error Analisis in Speaking of the Second Semester English Students
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
In this chapter, the writer shows the background of the research, the formulation of research problems, objectives of research, significant of research, scope and limitation, definition of key terms and organizations of research.
A.      Background of study
In our education system, English is a compulsory subject at secondary school. This is because English is an important international language which is used as a medium of communication by the most people in the world. Every human in the world always use language to communicate, give information, knowledge and express their idea and though.
Because of the importance of English, our government makes a policy about the use of English in our education system. The standard of content for the junior high school states that the target of English instruction in school is to enable the students to gain functional level of literacy (Depdiknas, 2006:277). At this particular level, students are expected to be able to communicate in both written and oral forms to overcome their challenges. This objective is clearly reflected in the English standard of competencies and the basic competencies.
In English, there are four skills that should be mastered, they are: listening, speaking, writing, and reading, the most important one of them is speaking. The ability to function in another language is generally characterized in


Friday, 24 July 2015

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF STUDENTS READING COMPREHENSION ACHIEVEMENT IN GUESSING AND MAKING INFERENCES TECHNIQUES



A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF STUDENTS READING COMPREHENSION ACHIEVEMENT IN GUESSING AND MAKING INFERENCES TECHNIQUES
INTRODUCTION
English  is  an  important  subject  that  should  be  mastered  by  students  of  Senior High  School.  The  students  should  be  able  to  master  not  only  one  language  skill, but  also  the  other  skills  in  English,  i.e.  listening,  speaking,  reading,  and  writing. From  the  four  aspects,  the  research  focuses  only  on  reading  comprehension  of students  because  the  students  do  not  really  get  a  better  technique  to  comprehend the text. 
Based on pre-observation of students in SMAN ???, it was found that  there  were  some  problems  which  students  faced  when  they  studied  English, especially in reading comprehension.

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