According to New,
Anita. (2009: 2) defines that narrative is the ability to
tell a story, whether spoken or written, is a common and often complex form of
communication. The primary purpose of narrative to describe an experience,
event, or sequence of events in the form of a story and set the story up for
your listener, describing the time, place, and your own involvement.
Sarbin (1986 : 9) also
stresses the organizational aspect of narrative. The narrative is a way of
organizing episodes, actions, and accounts of actions. It is an achievement
that brings together mundane facts and fantastic creations; time and place are incorporated.
The narrative allows for the inclusion of actors’ reasons for their acts, as
well as the causes of happening.. Characteristics of Narrative
of Narrative Materials
Ely, S (2010: 2) divides the
characteristics of narrative as follow:
a.Use storyline in
chronological order (time order)
b.The point is
what the writer or character learned from what happened
description, setting, plot and character
2.Generic Structure of Narrative
Milan. (2009: 2) states that the of
narrative reading as follow
introduction of the story in which the characters,
setting and time of the story are established. Usually answers who? when?
where? and it is stated in the beginning of the story.
b.Complication or problem,
the complication usually involves the main character(s)
(often mirroring the complications in real life).
c.Resolution, there needs to be a
resolution of the complication. The complication may be resolved for better or
worse/happily or unhappily. Sometimes there are a number of complications that
have to be resolved. These add and sustain interest and suspense for the
The most important of the structures of narrative
materials as a key to find out the information of the text.
3.The Language Features of Narrative Materials
According to Ministry
of Education (2010: 98-106). The
classification the features of the narrative text follows:
use simple past tense,
b.Using action verbin the
story related to the chronologically arranged of the story
c. Using Connectives,linking words to do
with time such as once upon a time, on the next day,etc and
d. Using imagery such as
metaphor for example "She has a heart of stone"
The language features of
narrative text used to identifying the characteristics of the text and make the
reader easy to understanding to materials.