learning English, there are four skills.
They are listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The four skills mentioned
are diveded into receptive and productive skills. Speaking and writing are
productive skills, while listening and reading are receptive skills. Beside the
four language skills above, reading
is of great importance to students show mother tongue is not English, because
they almost do not have opportunity to hear or to speak that language.
Comprehending English is a difficult thing for students if they do not have
basic knowledge , especially in comprehending reading text.
Reading is a
process of recognition
or interpretation of written materials. Widdowson (1979:213) stated
that reading is a process of getting
information via printed materials. It involves letters, words,
phrases, and clauses. Through reading, we can imcreaese our
experience, develop new concept, solve our
problem,study how the words are
used, how to implement the grammatical rules, and get many knowledge.
teaching reading, teacher should introduce other materials as an alternative to
give various situations to students
in classroom process. These materials can be a media; it can be to stimulate
the students’ motivation during the classroom process. In the other hand, most
high motivation is needed to learn reading.
Related to the
statements above, the researcher did observation that was done at the first
year students of SMK Muhammadiyah 2 Bontoala, the
researcher faces many problems in teaching learning English. The crucial
problems are the students’ problems in reading is the students’ comprehension. The
problems are; first,the students are bored to read a text because it is not
interesting. Second, the students have limited vocabulary so they are difficult
to understand the reading text. Thirdly, the students do not know the structure
of sentence, it makes the students to work hard to translate the word in
sentence of the text
on the result interview to
the English teacher at the
first year students of SMKMuhammadiyah 2 Bontoala Makassar, he stated that the mean score of the
students’ achievement in reading English is very low. It is about 5.7 but the
standard of curriculum 6.5 and the target score is 7.5.
From the problems above the
researcher will apply one of teaching strategy. This is an interesting strategy
and it can increase the student’s reading ability, namely authentic material.
This strategy is designed to create the students’ reading comprehension.
material are interesting material taken from magazine, newspaper, brochure and
other teacherresources that are not
specially prepared for pedagogical purpose. The material can be challenging and
interesting for the students where it is inline nowdays, many studentsare keen authentic
materials. Therefore, the English teachers can use it in
Smith & Johnson (1994:157) authentic material is any kind of material that
taken from the real world not especially created for the purpose of language
teaching. This might include language based on reality such as magazine,
advertisement, newspaper or graphics and visual sources such as maps, pictures,
symbols and charts.
Relating to the case
above, the writer conducted a research underthe title : ” Improving the students’ reading??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????