This chapter deals with research background, problem
statement, objective of the research, significance of the research, and scope
of the research.
Indonesia, English is taught in junior high schools and senior high schools,
even in elementary school. Studying English is not a new thing for students of
junior high schools. Although English is not a new thing for senior high school
students, in fact, they still have many difficulties in studying English. As we
know that English is not the Indonesian native language. It is difficult for
the students to remember all the words in
English and to understand when
someone speaking English.
has four skills; listening, reading, speaking, and writing. Language skills are
defined into productive skill and receptive skill. Productive skills are;
speaking and writing, whereas receptive skills are; listening and reading.
However, for the students the written one is the most difficult skill of
language. Writing itself as a productive
skill is quite important in developing the students’ competence and performance
all subject in our life or in all profession, the ability to write or to
express oneself clearly is essential basic for success (Adelstein and Vipal in
Takko; 2009). But, the students in general still find that writing is quite
difficult. Consequently, they are lack to mastery it.
to the problem above, so the teacher must be able to create the subject so that
the students able to study writing easily. Besides, the kinds of the text also
important in order to make teaching writing successfully. To select appropriate
text, the teacher must consider the characteristics of the students, such as
motivation, interest, aptitude, learning style, etc., which directly related to
the learning process (Karolina; 2006).
process help students become aware of their skill. Creative writing is not only
to communicate information but also to make reader cares about the information,
makes him tell, experiences, gets under his skin, must be developed by
encouraging students to discover who they are and what they have to say (Donald
Murray in Takko; 2009).
case of language teaching, the purpose of teaching writing based on the curriculum
is enable the students to summarize the text with grammatical sentences based
on the questions given and make a narrative and descriptive paragraph (GBPP
BahasaInggris, 1999). However, those purposes are hard to be achieved in
writing activities because when the students are assigned to compose narrative
and descriptive paragraph, it is regarded as a difficult task for students and
most of them will feel unease.
In writing process,
the students must have an idea about what they will write and far they know the
topic, find the appropriate words to express an idea. One simple way of making
writing more meaningful to students is to make students write something
elaborate the experience they have. Every experience has the seeds for the????????????