Reading is one
of English skill to be mastered listening, speaking and writing. The purposes
of reading such as to gain information, the learn subject matter, for enjoyment,
academic purpose and prepare test purpose. To achieve those skills, the
students find difficulties in get the message that extended by the writer and
summarize the content of the reading text.
The first problem is the students found difficult to understand
the content of the text. In comprehend the reading of the text, the students
have to able established the main idea and detail information. The main idea is
the most general ideas in the paragraph while detail information is supporting
of the ideas in the paragraph. When the students gain know about them, they
have to understand how a text organized because to comprehend the written words
the students must able to understand what the writer has to structure of
organized the ideas and information presented in the text and relate the ideas
and information presented in the text, and relate the ideas and information
from text to ideas information stored in his or her mind.
The second problem is how the students can make a summary
about the content of the text. In understand of the text, summary is one of the
fast way in get the writers’ idea. All of the
information in the summary will be contained in the reading text, although the
words used will be different. Through
summary, the students will get a good
understanding of the overall meaning and main points of the section summarized.
Base on the
observation which has been done in SMPN 2 Bua Ponrang Kabupate Luwu, especially
for class VIII A. The researcher gave diagnostic and found the result is very
poor in reading comprehension. According to the result of test, there are 30
students in the class, 9 students get the score 6.0 – 7.5 and 21 students get
the score < 60. The research wants to changed of score based on the KKM is
65, and the target of the researcher is score 75.
conclude that in class VIII A is has problem in reading comprehension. In
solved that problem, the research tries to use strategy in teaching reading
material to comprehend the text. According to Michael Pressley in B. Fatmawati
(2011:1) strategy is something using by the students to analyze the learning
problem. So that, Strategies is very important in gets success of learning
process in the classroom.
In this case,
the research will use of explicit teaching strategy. The Explicit teaching is
one of strategy can be used by the teacher in the classroom where it makes the students
to active in learning process because the teacher knows what the students
needed . According to Cristine Edwards, Groves (1998) explicit teaching is
calls for teacher knowing how the social dimension of classroom life (through
the context of classroom interaction). This strategy is using to gets skill
because it is talk about classroom lesson specially in reading comprehension. Ludwig, Gunn
(1995) said that the effective classroom interaction leads and successful
learning when it is explicit and student-centered????????????????????????????????????????????????????????