Sunday, 27 January 2013

USING MNEMONIC TECHNIQUE IN IMPROVING ENGLISH VOCABULARY ACHIEVEMENT OF THE SECOND GRADE STUDENTS (Quasi Experimental)

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
            This chapter deals with background, problem statement, objective of the research, significance of the research, and the scope of the research.
A.    Background
Learning foreign language will be difficult if we do not have any vocabularies. In order to master English, the elements of the language; such as grammatical structure, vocabulary and pronunciation must be taught to the students as the prerequisite knowledge toward the English language use and skills because language is characterized by the elements (Corder, 1975). Vocabulary has essential influence on the language skills. It connects the four language skills; listening, speaking, reading, and writing. All of the skills will not take place without vocabulary. To read, the students need vocabulary to comprehend the text, but it will be difficult if they lack of vocabulary. When students want to master a language, they must learn vocabulary. Sometimes students are doubtful to
express their ideas because they have limited vocabulary. Also without having enough vocabulary, students will not be able to convey and communicate in English. The fact is without grammar, very little can be conveyed, without vocabulary, nothing can be conveyed (Wilkins, 1978)

Vocabulary is the first thing that every student learns in their formal and informal education. It assumed that if the students learn English in earlier age, of course they have much vocabulary by now. But the fact is they still have problem in learning English vocabulary. Students have difficulties to memorize the vocabulary. They just memorize the word if in the classroom, but after that they sometimes forgot what they have learned before. It happened since most of the teachers did not give them an impressive lesson and no exposure to the language outside the classroom. So, they forget their vocabulary easily and it makes teaching and learning vocabulary needs developing. One way in learning vocabulary is by using mnemonic technique. It helps the students learn basic facts and new vocabulary, which they need to acquire when teaching a new subject (McPherson, 2000)??????

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