The goals of
teaching English in Indonesia are mainly to enable the students to use English
for communication and to read books and references written in English. The
students are expected to have skills of the English language such as reading,
writing, listening, speaking, and other elements of language that must be
taught to the students through the chosen themes.
Among the four skills above, reading
get greater attention than three others, because reading is one of the
important skills. Reading can be defined as an active cognitiveprocess ofinteracting with the print and monitoring comprehension to establish
meaning and through reading we can get much knowledge, study
comprehend ideas, study the word are used, how to implement the grammatical
rules, and gain the information.
occurs to the students when reading book. Sometimes students are facing a book but do not read at all.
They just can mention symbol word without getting any idea from the book. The
researcher herself experienced when reading a book without any comprehension
tends to feel sleepy.
As the explanation
above, the data from observation indicates that the students of MTs.
Muhammadiyah Tallo Makassar and also face the same problems. Most of them are
not competent to comprehend English text well. Many students can read the word
in passage perfectly but are unable to answer the questions. They can say the
words, but unable to gain the meaning from words. They find hard to comprehend
reading materials. The writer also observed that the teacher only asked the
students to read, and then they must answer the question without giving
explanation about the text first. So the students who did not understand what
they read. As a result, they could not answer the whole questions correctly.
Based on the result of students’ achievement in reading are still underneath, it
is about 5.5 mean score and the target score is 7.00.In this case, the students have to read
critically, and the teacher must select the suitable technique or strategy to
What a teacher
has to consider as a prime important task is how to design the reading course
with strategies and techniques to facilitate the students to comprehend to
concept from the author’s mind in the text. There have been a lot of techniques
and strategies discussed by many experts dealing with reading comprehension.
One of the techniques to be offered here is Sustained Silent Reading. In which
the students are learning how to interact with the text they read.
By using SSR
method, the students read silently for a given period of time. But, it does not
mean they read without sound. A reader may sound in respond words. SSR does not
need to say out each word. A reader is silent reading only says the word in
mind, those any references to pronunciation stress or intonation. In addition,
they can choose books, magazines, etc, that they are interested in, and??????????????
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