chapter presents the background, problem statement, objective, significance,
and scope of the research.
human being needs to interact with other people around the world. An
appropriate meaning of this interaction is languages that can be used to
express and share ideas, thoughts, responses, or get information from others.
Language is a means of communication. There are a lot of languages by people in
various parts of life in the world. One of them is English. English as an international
language has an important position in the world communication today. In our
country today, English plays an important role in international communication
and development of education. Indonesia as a developing country gets involved
in any aspects of international life and it can not be denied that the mastery
of English is necessary for Indonesian people.
foreign languages, teaching and learning English teacher should consider the
major skills; namely listening, reading, speaking, and writing. Listening and
reading are said to be receptive skills, while speaking and writing are said to
be productive ones.
The fact shows that without any mastery of
English it is quite difficult for everyone to enter a larger world, which
includes the world of science. It is also a fact that poor mastery of English
language prevents people from a direct communication with other counties. In
order to master English we have to master the elements of the four major
skills, and it must be taught as a compulsory subject among others in school as
the prerequisite knowledge and the study of English should be given priority.
goals of teaching English in Indonesia are mainly to enable the students to use
English for communication in front of people. In this case, the researcher
focuses her attention on one of these skills that is speaking. Speaking is one
of the productive skills in second and foreign language teaching. It has a very
important role in communication because by having speaking, people can communicate
interactively each other. Widdowson in Muttaqin (1992: 3) stated that an act of
communication through speaking is commonly performed in talking face to face
interaction and occurs as part of dialogue or rather of verbal exchange.
on the explanation of the fact above, the researcher is interested in
conducting the research on “Improving the Speaking Skills of the Eleventh Year
Students of SMA X by Using Situational Role Play”.
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