In English teaching, there
are four language elements namely: Structure, Vocabulary, Pronunciation and
Spelling. Those elements are through in order to develop the student skill in
the language learning. One second of them should be noticed is pronunciation
which is considered difficult element method that can be applied in learning
Nurhayati ( 2008 ) states
that the pronunciation means knowledge of knowing to produce word which is very
essential in oral communication when speakers mispronounce the word, people can
be misunderstand. To reduce it, the teacher must equip the learner with English
certain degree accuracy and fluency in understanding, responding and in
him self in the language in speech in other the learners
communicatively in using the language.
characteristic of English learners who categorized as good and successful oral
skill developer is those good pronunciation accent. A good pronunciation accent
suggested is a accent of pronunciation that sounds like native speakers.
Therefore, it is necessary for English learners to have a good pronunciation to
support them to be good speakers ( Nurhayati, 2008 ). Teachers of English as a
foreign language should be sensitive in viewing and overcoming such problems
Among those language
skills, one most focused until today is speaking. We know that speaking plays an important role in human
communication. The importance of having ability to speak is becoming more
noticed moreover for the students of English department. They are asked to be
able to speak English. It will seem to be ridiculous when they still cannot use
English in communication.
Although speaking is the
easiest way of learning, it does not mean that speaking has no component. It is
like other language skills, each student must begin speaking by knowing its
components such as fluency, accuracy, spelling and pronunciation. Those
components relate to one another and need learning in order to have pleasant speaking.
The absence of one of those components will produce a poor result of speaking.
this problem, the students need to focus in one speaking component. In this
case, pronunciation is chosen as one phenomenon in English. It refers to the
way in which a language or a particular word or sound is pronounced. (Hornby
AS, et. Al, 1974. Oxford Advenced Leorner,s Dictionary of current. English. USA
N London. O. U ). Pronunciation is definitely the biggest thing that people
notice when we are speaking. We use English for communication so automatically
we need pronunciation. Good pronunciation should be one of the first things
that we learn in English. We still can communicate without using advanced
vocabulary we can use simple words to say what we want to say. We do not have
to use advanced English grammar because we can use simple grammar structures
instead but there is no simple pronunciation.
has its own components to learn and it is not simple as well as many people
think. If we try to contrast between English and Indonesian language we will
find that there are some sounds in English pronunciation that are absent in
Indonesian language. We call it as contrastive sounds. For instance the
phonetic of /θ/ and /ð/ in words such as “think” and “the.” Many Indonesian
pronounce them as /sIη/ and /de/. This is a common mistake that cannot be
overlooked because can cause misunderstand.
Therefore, the students have to learn the English pronunciation as much as
possible in order to improve their pronunciation skill so that their
pronunciation is intelligible. In doing this, they will need one strategy that
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